Martin Heistermann, M.Sc. Room 102 Phone: +41 31 511 76 06 Email: martin.heistermann@unibe.ch |

Subdividing non-conforming T-mesh layouts into conforming quadrangular meshes is a core component of state-of-the-art (re-)meshing methods. Typically, the required constrained assignment of integer lengths to T-Mesh edges is left to generic branch-and-cut solvers, greedy heuristics, or a combination of the two. This either does not scale well with input complexity or delivers suboptimal result quality. We introduce the Minimum-Deviation-Flow Problem in bi-directed networks (Bi-MDF) and demonstrate its use in modeling and efficiently solving a variety of T-Mesh quantization problems. We develop a fast approximate solver as well as an iterative refinement algorithm based on graph matching that solves Bi-MDF exactly. Compared to the state-of-the-art QuadWild implementation on the authors' 300 dataset, our exact solver finishes after only 0.49% (total 17.06s) of their runtime (3491s) and achieves 11% lower energy while an approximation is computed after 0.09% (3.19s) of their runtime at the cost of 24% increased energy. A novel half-arc-based T-Mesh quantization formulation extends the feasible solution space to include previously unattainable quad meshes. The Bi-MDF problem is more general than our application in layout quantization, potentially enabling similar speedups for other optimization problems that fit into the scheme, such as quad mesh refinement.

Grid preserving maps of triangulated surfaces were introduced for quad meshing because the 2D unit grid in such maps corresponds to a sub-division of the surface into quad-shaped charts. These maps can be obtained by solving a mixed integer optimization problem: Real variables define the geometry of the charts and integer variables define the combinatorial structure of the decomposition. To make this optimization problem tractable, a common strategy is to ignore integer constraints at first, then to enforce them in a so-called quantization step. Actual quantization algorithms exploit the geometric interpretation of integer variables to solve an equivalent problem: They consider that the final quad mesh is a sub-division of a T-mesh embedded in the surface, and optimize the number of sub-divisions for each edge of this T-mesh. We propose to operate on a decimated version of the original surface instead of the T-mesh. It is easier to implement and to adapt to constraints such as free boundaries, complex feature curves network etc.

@article{quantization-without-tmesh,

author = {Coudert-Osmont, Yoann and Desobry, David and Heistermann, Martin and Bommes, David and Ray, Nicolas and Sokolov, Dmitry},

title = {Quad Mesh Quantization Without a T-Mesh},

journal = {Computer Graphics Forum},

doi = {https://doi.org/10.1111/cgf.14928},

}

The computation of intrinsic, geodesic distances and geodesic paths on surfaces is a fundamental low-level building block in countless Computer Graphics and Geometry Processing applications. This demand led to the development of numerous algorithms – some for the exact, others for the approximative computation, some focussing on speed, others providing strict guarantees. Most of these methods are designed for computing distances according to the standard Riemannian metric induced by the surface’s embedding in Euclidean space. Generalization to other, especially anisotropic, metrics – which more recently gained interest in several application areas – is not rarely hampered by fundamental problems. We explore and discuss possibilities for the generalization and extension of well-known methods to the anisotropic case, evaluate their relative performance in terms of accuracy and speed, and propose a novel algorithm, the Short-Term Vector Dijkstra. This algorithm is strikingly simple to implement and proves to provide practical accuracy at a higher speed than generalized previous methods.