Year: Author:

Hendrik Brückler, David Bommes, Marcel Campen

Developments in the field of parametrization-based quad mesh generation on surfaces have been impactful over the past decade. In this context, an important advance has been the replacement of error-prone rounding in the generation of integer-grid maps, by robust quantization methods. In parallel, parametrization-based hex mesh generation for volumes has been advanced. In this volumetric context, however, the state-of-the-art still relies on fragile rounding, not rarely producing defective meshes, especially when targeting a coarse mesh resolution. We present a method to robustly quantize volume parametrizations, i.e., to determine guaranteed valid choices of integers for 3D integer-grid maps. Inspired by the 2D case, we base our construction on a non-conforming cell decomposition of the volume, a 3D analogue of a T-mesh. In particular, we leverage the motorcycle complex, a recent generalization of the motorcycle graph, for this purpose. Integer values are expressed in a differential manner on the edges of this complex, enabling the efficient formulation of the conditions required to strictly prevent forcing the map into degeneration. Applying our method in the context of hexahedral meshing, we demonstrate that hexahedral meshes can be generated with significantly improved flexibility.

Pierre-Alexandre Beaufort, Maxence Reberol, Denis Kalmykov, Heng Liu, Franck Ledoux, David Bommes
Computer Graphics Forum (SGP 2022)

HexMe consists of 189 tetrahedral meshes with tagged features and a workflow to generate them. The primary purpose of HexMe meshes is to enable consistent and practically meaningful evaluation of hexahedral meshing algorithms and related techniques, specifically regarding the correct meshing of specified feature points, curves, and surfaces. The tetrahedral meshes have been generated with Gmsh, starting from 63 computer-aided design (CAD) models from various databases. To highlight and label the diverse and challenging aspects of hexahedral mesh generation, the CAD models are classified into three categories: simple, nasty, and industrial. For each CAD model, we provide three kinds of tetrahedral meshes (uniform, curvature-adapted, and box-embedded). The mesh generation pipeline is defined with the help of Snakemake, a modern workflow management system, which allows us to specify a fully automated, extensible, and sustainable workflow. It is possible to download the whole dataset or select individual meshes by browsing the online catalog. The HexMe dataset is built with evolution in mind and prepared for future developments. A public GitHub repository hosts the HexMe workflow, where external contributions and future releases are possible and encouraged. We demonstrate the value of HexMe by exploring the robustness limitations of state-of-the-art frame-field-based hexahedral meshing algorithm. Only for 19 of 189 tagged tetrahedral inputs all feature entities are meshed correctly, while the average success rates are 70.9% / 48.5% / 34.6 % for feature points/curves/surfaces.

» Show BibTeX

@article {10.1111:cgf.14608,
journal = {Computer Graphics Forum},
title = {{Hex Me If You Can}},
author = {Beaufort, Pierre-Alexandre and Reberol, Maxence and Kalmykov, Denis and Liu, Heng and Ledoux, Franck and Bommes, David},
year = {2022},
publisher = {The Eurographics Association and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.},
ISSN = {1467-8659},
DOI = {10.1111/cgf.14608}

Patrick Schmidt, Janis Born, David Bommes, Marcel Campen, Leif Kobbelt
Eurographics Symposium on Geometry Processing 2022 Best Paper Award

Non-linear optimization is essential to many areas of geometry processing research. However, when experimenting with different problem formulations or when prototyping new algorithms, a major practical obstacle is the need to figure out derivatives of objective functions, especially when second-order derivatives are required. Deriving and manually implementing gradients and Hessians is both time-consuming and error-prone. Automatic differentiation techniques address this problem, but can introduce a diverse set of obstacles themselves, e.g. limiting the set of supported language features, imposing restrictions on a program’s control flow, incurring a significant run time overhead, or making it hard to exploit sparsity patterns common in geometry processing. We show that for many geometric problems, in particular on meshes, the simplest form of forward-mode automatic differentiation is not only the most flexible, but also actually the most efficient choice. We introduce TinyAD: a lightweight C++ library that automatically computes gradients and Hessians, in particular of sparse problems, by differentiating small (tiny) sub-problems. Its simplicity enables easy integration; no restrictions on, e.g., looping and branching are imposed. TinyAD provides the basic ingredients to quickly implement first and second order Newton-style solvers, allowing for flexible adjustment of both problem formulations and solver details. By showcasing compact implementations of methods from parametrization, deformation, and direction field design, we demonstrate how TinyAD lowers the barrier to exploring non-linear optimization techniques. This enables not only fast prototyping of new research ideas, but also improves replicability of existing algorithms in geometry processing. TinyAD is available to the community as an open source library.

» Show BibTeX

title={{TinyAD}: Automatic Differentiation in Geometry Processing Made Simple},
author={Schmidt, Patrick and Born, Janis and Bommes, David and Campen, Marcel and Kobbelt, Leif},
journal={Computer Graphics Forum},

Manish Mandad, Ruizhi Chen, David Bommes, Marcel Campen
GMP 2022

Polycube mapping is an attractive approach for the generation of all-hexahedral meshes with a fully regular interior, i.e. free of internal singular edges or vertices. It is based on determining a low distortion map between the input model and a polycube domain, which then pulls back the regular voxel grid to form a hexahedral mesh for the model. Automatically finding an appropriate polycube domain for a given model, however, is a challenging problem. Existing algorithms are either very sensitive to the embedding and orientation of the input model, restricted to only subclasses of possible domains, or depend crucially on some initialization because they rely on a non-convex optimization formulation. This can easily lead to unsatisfactory and unnecessary corners and edges in the polycube structure. We present a novel approach to the problem of finding high-quality polycube domains. It is based on an entirely intrinsic formulation as a mixed integer optimization problem, which can be tackled by solving a series of simple convex problems, each of which can be solved to the global optimum. Experiments demonstrate that our method avoids many of the undesired corners and surface irregularities common to many previous methods.

Previous Year (2021)